Health and climate change on the agenda
On the second day of their visit to Ethiopia, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess focused on cooperation on health and climate issues. Ethiopia has taken a leading role in international efforts on climate change and Norway supports its activities.
The first stop of the day targeted health issues.
Cooperation on health and science
Their Royal Highnesses began the day at ALERT Hospital, where the Crown Princess opened the Conference on Health, Science and Higher Education. International cooperation on vaccine programmes and epidemic diseases were key topics on the conference programme.
ALERT Hospital is a pioneer in plastic and reconstructive surgery in Ethiopia, in addition to being a national centre for hand surgery. The centre’s specialists perform, among other procedures, reconstructive surgery to correct damage from diseases such as cancer and leprosy. The Crown Prince and Crown Princess were given a brief tour of one of the hospital’s Norwegian-supported units, where they met patients with injuries and illnesses that prevent them from having a normal life, from performing basic tasks such as holding objects, talking or feeding themselves. The surgery awaiting these patients will in all likelihood give them back the possibility to take part in society - give them back their lives.
There is a longstanding tradition of health-related cooperation between Ethiopia and Norway. Norwegian missionaries worked painstakingly over many years to expand health care services in southern Ethiopia, and many joint projects can trace their roots to those early efforts. Today health care professionals from cooperating hospitals and universities in both countries took part in the conference.
Roughly 80 per cent of Ethiopia’s population are farmers, and the country is also extremely vulnerable to climate change. Ethiopia has assumed a leading role in international efforts addressing climate change and is a driving force behind the Paris Agreement. In 2011 the country implemented a strategy for a climate-friendly, green economy with the goal of becoming a middle-income country without increasing its greenhouse gas emissions above their 2010 levels.
Norway supports Ethiopia in this strategy and – along with a handful of other countries – has joined Ethiopia in a separate climate partnership. Norway supports these efforts in three areas: sustainable agriculture, renewable energy and protection of forests.
Today the Crown Prince and Crown Princess had the opportunity to visit the Norwegian-supported Sustainable Land Management Project, with a particular focus on reduced soil acidification and improved soil quality. During a traditional coffee ceremony, the Crown Prince and Crown Princess were able to meet local farmers who are benefitting from the project and listen to their stories about their daily lives and challenges.
Lunch with Norwegian organisations
A number of Norwegian organisations are present in Ethiopia, and the Crown Prince and Crown Princess met representatives of several of them for lunch today. The meeting was held at the office of the Norwegian Lutheran Mission, and this was not the first time Norwegian royalty had come to visit; Their Royal Highnesses were able to view a photo display of King Olav’s visit in 1966 in the entryway.
Conversation on human rights
This afternoon the Crown Prince met with Dr Addisu Gebregziabher, head of the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission. The Crown Prince and Crown Princess received an introduction in how the commission carries out its mandate and what the greatest challenges currently are with regard to human rights in Ethiopia.
Traditional coffee tasting
Ethiopia is known as the place where coffee originated. Today, coffee accounts for 60 per cent of the country’s agricultural exports. Norwegians lead the world in per-capita coffee consumption, and the growing knowledge about and interest in coffee here at home has contributed to economic growth in Ethiopia. The Norwegian company Nordic Approach specialises in distributing environment-friendly coffee beans, cooperating with local farmers to enhance the quality of coffee, which has helped the farmers to get higher prices for their products.
The Crown Prince and Crown Princess took part in “coffee cupping” with the local experts from Nordic Approach today. Coffee cupping is a technique for evaluating and selecting which coffees are to be sold in Norway and elsewhere.
Reception at the Ambassador’s Residence
This evening the Crown Prince and Crown Princess are attending a reception at the residence of the Norwegian ambassador to Ethiopia, His Excellency Mr Andreas Gaarder.
Tomorrow is the third and final day of the official visit to Ethiopia. The Crown Prince and Crown Princess will be travelling north to the Hitsats Refugee Camp.
Facts about Ethiopia
Capital: Addis Ababa
Total area: 1 104 300 km² (Norway: 385 186 km²)
Population (2016): Estimated at over 102 million.
Official language: Amharic – but over 80 languages are in use.
Religion: Christianity (63 %), Islam (34 %), traditional faiths (3 %)
Form of government: Federal parliamentary republic
Head of State (2017): President Mulatu Teshome
Ethiopia and Norway have a long history of good relations. During the Second World War, King Haakon and Emperor Haile Selassie developed a friendship when both were living in exile in Great Britain. Emperor Haile Selassie made a state visit to Norway in 1954, and received King Olav on a state visit to Ethiopia in 1966.
Norway and Ethiopia cooperate across a number of areas, including peace and security, climate change, sustainable development, education, gender equality, job creation, migration and a UN-led world order. Cooperation in the business sector is expanding.
Ethiopia’s history can be traced back to several centuries BCE, and the country has never been under the rule of a colonial power. Addis Ababa is known as the political capital of Africa and hosts the African Union (AU) Headquarters.
Sources: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs / Wikipedia
Welfare and winter sports
After their initial days in the city of Dunhuang, Their Majesties The King and Queen are continuing their State Visit to the People's Republic of China in the capital city of Beijing. Welfare development and cooperation on winter sports were on the agenda today.
Visit to the Mogao Caves
To be listed as a world heritage site, a place must fulfil one of six criteria. The Mogao Caves fulfil all six. Today, Their Majesties The King and Queen were given the opportunity to visit this extraordinary place.