South Sudan gains its independence
His Royal Highness Crown Prince Haakon and Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim represented Norway today at the ceremony marking South Sudans independence.
The peace agreement signed in 2005 ended the lengthiest civil war in Africa. At that point, the conflict had raged for 20 years, costing more than two million lives and forcing an additional four million people to flee their homes. South Sudan has declared its independence today, 9 July 2011, as scheduled in the peace agreement which expires at the same time.
Jubilation in Juba
South Sudan celebrated its independence in a large-scale ceremony in the capital city of Juba. More than 3 000 guests attended the ceremony, including the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the Secretary-General of the African Union and the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, as well as a number of heads of state and government. Crown Prince Haakon and Minister of the Environment and International Development Erik Solheim were in attendance as Norways official representatives.
Several Norwegian non-governmental organisations – Norwegian Peoples Aid and Norwegian Church Aid in particular – have been active in South Sudan for many years. Since the 1990s, the Norwegian authorities have also been involved in the peace process, sending representatives to serve as observers during the negotiations and providing support to the African Union and former President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa who led the concluding negotiations.
Sudan has been one of the largest recipients of development assistance from Norway in recent years.
South Sudan is now Africas 54th state and UN Member State number 193. Norway officially recognises South Sudan as an independent state as of 9 July, and the Norwegian Consulate General in Juba will be upgraded to the status of Royal Norwegian Embassy.
The King and Queen opened the new MUNCH
"I think that I speak for all of us when I say that we have been looking forward to this day! It is finally possible for us to gather together, and soon the great doors will open up a new attraction – not just for our capital city, but for Norway, and for the world," said His Majesty The King.
Congratulations from His Majesty King Harald to His Excellency Mr Alar Karis, President of the Republic of Estonia.